The origin of the paper was both discovered and used first in China in the 2nd century. In the 1st century, paper was made of coarse materials during the Han Dynasty. This type of paper was difficult to use for writing because of it was too thick and had rough surface. Consequently, there were only a few people that used this type of paper. In the 2nd century, Cai Lun from the Han Dynasty made paper using delicate materials with different manufacturing techniques. Bai Lun succeeded in creating a new type of paper that were made from bark, cloth, wheat stalks, and other materials. This type of paper was relatively cheap, light, thin, durable, and suitable to use with a brush. Not long after this the production of paper developed using a mixture of hemp, fabric, and cellulose on the bark to create a smoother texture, making the paper suitable for writing using any kind of stationery. This paper technique then created into a multipurpose paper that we continue to use today.
The innovation of paper continues to run as one of the most significant and valuable writing media. In the 3rd century, the production of paper spread to Korea and Japan. In the 7th century, the distribution of paper had penetrated many Southeast Asian countries, such as Vietnam, Philippines, and Thailand. Then in the 10th century, Middle East countries began the mass-producing paper. Next, in the 12th century, the production of paper began to spread in the land of Europe. At that time, paper replaced the role of goatskin, which was the medium of writing for a long time in Europe. Before the paper was discovered, all important information and events were written by hands by scribes. Since the discovery of paper, many countries in Europe started to build paper factories. Then in the 16th century, the mass use of paper reached the American continent and gradually spread to other parts of the world. In Indonesia, paper first entered in the 7th century together with other Southeast Asian countries. Indonesian people used to have palm leaves as their writing medium. Shortly thereafter, the production of paper was started in Ponorogo, East Java. In its first production, the paper was made out of processed bark from the trees that grew around the city. This paper was first used by Buddhist monks who study Buddhism in the Kingdom of Sriwijaya. Additionally, this paper was also used to paint Beber puppets, which is the forerunner of shadow puppets in Indonesia. When the teachings of Islam entered Indonesia, paper was used to write the holy book Koran in a boarding school owned by KH Khasan Besari in Tegalsari, Surabaya.
As one of the world’s largest pulp and paper companies, APP Sinar Mas is responsible for delivering quality products to meet the growing global demand for tissue, packaging, and paper. Through a long journey, precisely Started in 1972 with Tjiwi Kimia producing caustic soda, now we run operations across Indonesia and China with an annual combined pulp, paper, packaging product and converting capacity of over 19 million tons per annum. Today, APP Sinar Mas markets its products in more than 120 countries across six continents. Over the years, we have expanded our operations significantly through the acquisition and expansion of several of our pulp and paper mills. With a commitment to fulfill customer satisfaction, APP Sinar Mas continues to grow our share in paper sales worldwide to serve the global community needs on paper.